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Bharat Ratna Recipients

List of Bharat Ratna Recipients

S.No
Name
Year Awarded
Contributions
1
Chakravarti Rajagopalachari
1954
Freedom Fighter, Last Governor-General of India
2
C. V. Raman
1954
Physicist, Nobel Laureate
3
Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan
1954
Philosopher, second President of India
4
Bhagwan Das
1955
Freedom fighter, author
5
Mokshagundam Visvesvarayya
1955
Civil engineer, Diwan of Mysore
6
Jawaharlal Nehru
1955
Freedom fighter, author, first Prime Minister of India
7
Govind Ballabh Pant
1957
Freedom fighter, Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh, Home Minister
8
Dhondo Keshav Karve
1958
Educator, social reformer
9
Bidhan Chandra Roy
1961
Physician, Chief Minister of West Bengal
10
Purushottam Das Tandon
1961
Freedom fighter, educator
11
Rajendra Prasad
1962
Freedom fighter, jurist, first President of India
12
Zakir Hussain
1963
Scholar, third President of India
13
Pandurang Vaman Kane
1963
Indologist and Sanskrit scholar
14
Lal Bahadur Shastri
1966
Posthumous, Freedom fighter, second Prime Minister of India
15
Indira Gandhi
1971
Fourth Prime Minister of India
16
V. V. Giri
1975
Trade unionist and fourth President of India
17
K. Kamaraj
1976
Posthumous, Freedom fighter, Chief Minister of Madras State
18
Mother Teresa
1980
Catholic nun, founder of the Missionaries of Charity
19
Vinoba Bhave
1983
Posthumous, social reformer, Freedom fighter
20
Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan
1987
First non-citizen to receive the Bharat Ratna, Freedom fighter
21
M. G. Ramachandran
1988
Posthumous, film actor, Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu
22
B. R. Ambedkar
1990
Posthumous, chief architect of the Indian Constitution, politician, economist, and scholar
23
Nelson Mandela
1990
Second non-citizen and first non-Indian recipient, Leader of the Anti-Apartheid movement
24
Rajiv Gandhi
1991
Posthumous, Seventh Prime Minister
25
Vallabhbhai Patel
1991
Posthumous, Freedom fighter, first Home Minister
26
Morarji Desai
1991
Freedom fighter, fifth Prime Minister
27
Abul Kalam Azad
1992
Posthumous, Freedom fighter, first Minister of Education
28
J. R. D. Tata
1992
Industrialist and philanthropist
29
Satyajit Ray
1992
Bengali filmmaker
30
A. P. J. Abdul Kalam
1997
Aeronautical Engineer,11th President of India
31
Gulzarilal Nanda
1997
Freedom fighter, interim Prime Minister
32
Aruna Asaf Ali
1997
Posthumous, Freedom fighter
33
M. S. Subbulakshmi
1998
Classical Carnatic singer
34
Chidambaram Subramaniam
1998
Freedom fighter, Minister of Agriculture
35
Jayaprakash Narayan
1999
Posthumous, Freedom fighter and politician
36
Ravi Shankar
1999
Sitar player
37
Amartya Sen
1999
Economist
38
Gopinath Bordoloi
1999
Posthumous, Freedom fighter, Chief Minister of Assam
39
Lata Mangeshkar
2001
Playback singer
40
Bismillah Khan
2001
Hindustani classical shehnai player
41
Bhimsen Joshi
2008
Hindustani classical singer