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Amendments to the Indian Constitution

Here is a list of all amendments to the Indian Constitution. 

Amendments are very frequently asked in Civil Services Exam by UPSC and other exams

 
Date of Enforcement
Objectives
1st amendment June 18, 1951 To fully secure the constitutional validity of zamindari abolition laws. 
To place reasonable restriction on freedom of speech.
A new constitutional device, called Schedule 9 introduced to protect laws that are contrary to the Constitutionally guaranteed fundamental rights.
These laws encroach upon property rights, freedom of speech and equality before law
2nd amendment May 1, 1953 A technical amendment to fix the size of each parliamentary constituency between 650,000 and 850,000 voters.
3rd amendment February 22, 1955 Limits maximum no of seats in lok Sabha up to 500
States to be divided into constituencies such that one member of a constituency represents between 500000 and 750000 people
4th amendment April 27, 1955 Restrictions on property rights and inclusion of related bills in Schedule 9 of the constitution
5th amendment December 24, 1955 Provides for a consultation mechanism with concerned states in matters relating to the amendments to the territorial matters and in the re-naming of the state
6th amendment September 11, 1956 Amended the Union and State Lists with respect to raising of taxes
7th amendment November 1, 1956 Reorganization of states on linguistic lines
Abolition of Class A, B, C, D states
Introduction of Union Territories
8th amendment January 5, 1960 Clarify state's power of compulsory acquisition and requisitioning of private property
Include Zamindari abolition laws in Schedule 9 of the constitution
9th amendment December 28, 1960 Minor adjustments to territory of Indian Union consequent to agreement with Pakistan for settlement of disputes by demarcation of border villages, etc.
10th amendment August 11, 1961 Incorporation of Dadra, Nagar and Haveli as a Union Territory after acquisition from Portugal
11th amendment December 19, 1961 Election of Vice President by Electoral College consisting of members of both Houses of Parliament, instead of election by a Joint Sitting of Parliament.
Indemnify the President and Vice President Election procedure from challenge on grounds of existence of any vacancies in the electoral college
12th amendment December 20, 1961 Incorporation of Goa, Daman and Diu as a Union Territory, after acquisition from Portugal
13th amendment December 1, 1963 Formation of State of Nagaland, with special protection under Article 371A
14th amendment December 28, 1962 Incorporation of Pondicherry into the Union of India
Creation of Legislative Assemblies for Himachal Pradesh, Tripura, Manipur and Goa
15th amendment October 5, 1963 Raise retirement age of judges from 60 to 62
Other minor amendments for rationalizing interpretation of rules regarding judges etc.
16th amendment October 5, 1963 Make it obligatory for seekers of public office to swear their allegiance to the Indian Republic and prescribe the various obligatory templates
17th amendment June 20, 1964 To secure the constitutional validity of acquisition of Estates and place land acquisition laws in Schedule 9 of the constitution
18th amendment August 27, 1966 Technical Amendment to include Union Territories in Article 3 and hence permit reorganisation of Union Territories
19th amendment December 11, 1966 Abolish Election Tribunals and enable trial of election petitions by regular High Courts
20th amendment December 22, 1966 Indemnify & validate judgments, decrees, orders and sentences passed by judges.
Validate the appointment, posting, promotion and transfer of judges except those not eligible for appointment under article 233.
Amendment was needed to overcome the effect of judgement invalidating appointments of certain judges in the state of Uttar Pradesh
21th amendment April 10, 1967 Included Sindhi as a National Language
22nd amendment September 25, 1969 Provision to form Autonomous states within the State of Assam
23rd amendment January 23, 1970 Extend reservation for SC / ST and nomination of Anglo Indian members in Parliament and State Assemblies for another ten years i.e. up to 1980
24th amendment November 5, 1971 Enable parliament to dilute fundamental rights through amendments to the constitution
25th amendment April 20, 1972 Restrict property rights and compensation in case the state takes over private property
26th amendment December 28, 1971 Abolition of privy purse paid to former rulers of princely states which were incorporated into the Indian Republic
27th amendment February 15, 1972 Reorganization of Mizoram into a Union Territory with a legislature and council of ministers
28th amendment August 29, 1972 Rationalized Civil Service rules to make it uniform across those appointed prior to Independence and post independence
29th amendment June 9, 1972 Places land reform acts and amendments to these act under Schedule 9 of the constitution
30th amendment February 27, 1973 Changes the basis for appeals in Supreme Court of India in case of Civil Suits from value criteria to one involving substantial question of law
31th amendment October 17, 1973 Increased size of Parliament from 525 to 545 seats.
Increased seats went to the new states formed in North East India and minor adjustment consequent to 1971 Delimitation exercise
32nd amendment July 1, 1974 Protection of regional rights in Telangana and Andhra regions of State of Andhra Pradesh
33rd amendment May 19, 1974 Prescribes procedure for resignation by members of parliament and state legislatures
Prescribes procedure for verification and acceptance of resignation by house speaker
34th amendment September 7, 1974 Place land reform acts and amendments to these act under Schedule 9 of the constitution
35th amendment March 1, 1975 Terms and Conditions for the Incorporation of Sikkim into the Union of India
36th amendment April 26, 1975 Formation of Sikkim as a State within the Indian Union
37th amendment May 3, 1975 Formation of Arunachal Pradesh legislative assembly
38th amendment August 1, 1975 Enhances the powers of President and Governors to pass ordinances
39th amendment August 10, 1975 Negated the judgement of Allahabad High Court invalidating Prime Minister Indira Gandhi's election to parliament.
Amendment placed restrictions on judicial scrutiny of post of Prime Minister
40th amendment May 27, 1976 Enable Parliament to make laws with respect to Exclusive Economic Zone and vest the mineral wealth with Union of India.
Place land reform & other acts and amendments to these act under Schedule 9 of the constitution
41th amendment September 7, 1976 Raised Retirement Age Limit of Chairmen and Members of Union and State Public Commissions from sixty to sixty two.
42nd amendment April 1, 1977 Amendment passed during internal emergency by Indira Gandhi.
Provides for curtailment of fundamental rights, imposes fundamental duties and changes to the basic structure of the constitution by making India a "Socialist Secular" Republic
43rd amendment April 13, 1978 Amendment passed after revocation of internal emergency in the Country.
Repeals some of the more 'Anti-Freedom' amendments enacted through Amendment Bill 42
44th amendment September 6, 1979 Amendment passed after revocation of internal emergency in the Country.
Provides for human rights safeguards and mechanisms to prevent abuse of executive and legislative authority.
Annuls some Amendments enacted in Amendment Bill 42
45th amendment January 25, 1980 Extend reservation for SC / ST and nomination of Anglo Indian members in Parliament and State Assemblies for another ten years i.e. up to 1990
46th amendment February 2, 1983 Amendment to negate judicial pronouncements on scope and applicability on Sales Tax
47th amendment August 26, 1984 Place land reform acts and amendments to these act under Schedule 9 of the constitution
48th amendment April 1, 1985 Article 356 amended to permit President's rule up to two years in the state of Punjab
49th amendment September 11, 1984 Recognize Tripura as a Tribal State and enable the creation of a Tripura Tribal Areas Autonomous District Council
50th amendment September 11, 1984 Technical Amendment to curtailment of Fundamental Rights as per Part III as prescribed in Article 33 to cover Security Personnel protecting property and communication infrastructure
51th amendment June 16, 1986 Provide reservation to Scheduled Tribes in Nagaland, Meghalaya, Mizoram and Arunachal Pradesh Legislative Assemblies
52nd amendment March 1, 1985 Anti Defection Law - Provide disqualification of members from parliament and assembly in case of defection from one party to other
53rd amendment February 20, 1987 Special provision with respect to the State of Mizoram.
54th amendment April 1, 1986 Increase the salary of Chief Justice of India & other Judges
Provisions for determining future increases without the need for constitutional amendment
55th amendment February 20, 1987 Special powers to Governor consequent to formation of state of Arunachal Pradesh
56th amendment May 30, 1987 Transition provision to enable formation of state of Goa
57th amendment September 21, 1987 Provide reservation to Scheduled Tribes in Nagaland, Meghalaya, Mizoram and Arunachal Pradesh Legislative Assemblies
58th amendment December 9, 1987 Provision to publish authentic Hindi translation of constitution
Provision to publish authentic Hindi translation of future amendments
59th amendment March 30, 1988 Article 356 amended to permit President's rule up to three years in the state of Punjab
Articles 352 and Article 359A amended to permit imposing emergency in state of Punjab or in specific districts of the state of Punjab
60th amendment December 20, 1988 Professional Tax increased from a maximum of Rs. 250/- to a maximum of Rs. 2500/-
61th amendment March 28, 1989 Reduce age for voting rights from 21 to 18
62nd amendment December 20, 1989 Extend reservation for SC / ST and nomination of Anglo Indian members in Parliament and State Assemblies for another ten years i.e. up to 2000
63rd amendment January 6, 1990 Emergency powers applicable to State of Punjab, accorded in Article 359A as per amendment 59 repealed
64th amendment April 16, 1990 Article 356 amended to permit President's rule up to three years and six months in the state of Punjab
65th amendment March 12, 1992 National Commission for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes formed and its statutory powers specified in The Constitution.
66th amendment June 7, 1990 Place land reform acts and amendments to these act under Schedule 9 of the constitution
67th amendment October 4, 1990 Article 356 amended to permit President's rule up to four years in the state of Punjab
68th amendment March 12, 1991 Article 356 amended to permit President's rule up to five years in the state of Punjab
69th amendment February 1, 1992 To provide for a legislative assembly and council of ministers for Federal National Capital of Delhi. Delhi continues to be a Union Territory
70th amendment December 21, 1991 Include National Capital of Delhi and Union Territory of Pondicherry in electoral college for Presidential Election
71th amendment August 31, 1992 Include Konkani, Manipuri and Nepali as National Languages
72nd amendment December 5, 1992 Provide reservation to Scheduled Tribes in Tripura State Legislative Assembly
73rd amendment April 24, 1993 Statutory provisions for Panchayat Raj as third level of administration in villages
74th amendment June 1, 1993 Statutory provisions for Local Administrative bodies as third level of administration in urban areas such as towns and cities
75th amendment May 15, 1994 Provisions for setting up Rent Control Tribunals
76th amendment August 31, 1994 Enable continuance of 69% reservation in Tamil Nadu by including the relevant Tamil Nadu Act under 9th Schedule of the constitution
77th amendment June 17, 1995 A technical amendment to protect reservation to SC/ST Employees in promotions
78th amendment August 30, 1995 Place land reform acts and amendments to these act under Schedule 9 of the constitution
79th amendment January 25, 2000 Extend reservation for SC / ST and nomination of Anglo Indian members in Parliament and State Assemblies for another ten years i.e. up to 2010
80th amendment June 9, 2000 Implement Tenth Finance Commission recommendation to simplify the tax structures by pooling and sharing all taxes between states and The Centre
81th amendment June 9, 2000 Protect SC / ST reservation in filling backlog of vacancies
82nd amendment September 8, 2000 Permit relaxation of qualifying marks and other criteria in reservation in promotion for SC / ST candidates
83rd amendment September 8, 2000 Exempt Arunachal Pradesh from reservation for Scheduled Castes in Panchayati Raj institutions
84th amendment February 21, 2002 Extend the usage of 1971 national census population figures for state wise distribution of parliamentary seats
85th amendment January 4, 2002 A technical amendment to protect seniority in case of promotions of SC/ST Employees
86th amendment December 12, 2002 Provides Right to Education until the age of fourteen and Early childhood care until the age of six
87th amendment June 22, 2003 Extend the usage of 1971 national census population figures for state wise distribution of parliamentary seats
88th amendment January 15, 2004 To extend statutory cover for levy and utilization of Service Tax
89th amendment September 28, 2003 The National Commission for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes was bifurcated into The National Commission for Scheduled Castes and The National Commission for Scheduled Tribes
90th amendment September 28, 2003 Reservation in Assam Assembly relating to Bodoland Territory Area
91th amendment January 1, 2004 Restrict the size of council of ministers to 15 % of legislative members & to strengthen Anti Defection laws
92nd amendment January 7, 2004 Enable Levy of Service Tax
Include Bodo, Dogri, Santali and Maithili as National Languages
93rd amendment January 20, 2006 To enable provision of reservation for other backward classes (O.B.C.) in government as well as private educational institutions
94th amendment June 12, 2006 To provide for a Minister of Tribal Welfare in newly created Jharkhand and Chhattisgarh States
95th amendment 25 January 2010 Extended the reservation of seats in Lok Sabha and State Assemblies for SC and ST from sixty to seventy years
96th amendment 23 September 2011 Substituted "Odia" for "Oriya"
97th amendment 12 January 2012 Added the words "or co-operative societies" in Article 19(l)(c) and inserted article 43B i.e, Promotion of Co-operative Societies and added Part-IXB i.e, THE CO-OPERATIVE SOCIETIES

 

 

 

Ref: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_amendments_of_the_Constitution_of_India